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How Do You Get Hepatitis B?


Hepatitis Videos


How Do You Get Hepatitis B?

It usually takes between 40 and 160 days after infection for symptoms of hepatitis B to show. It is spread through body fluids.

•The key transmission route is mother to baby. Without treatment over 90% of babies proceed to chronic hepatitis

•Hepatitis B is also spread through unprotected sex, including anal and oral. For people with HIV there is a lower chance that vaccination will be successful and a higher risk of transmission through sexual contact.

You are also at increased risk if

• If you inject drugs.

• If you have an open wound, cut or scratch and come into contact with the blood of someone with hepatitis B.

• If you have dental or medical treatment in a country where their equipment has not been sterilised properly.

• If your job requires you to be in contact with blood ie. emergency worker, doctor, lab technician.

• If you get tattooed or pierced in a place that does not comply to safe hygiene standards.

• If you share toothbrushes, razors or towels contaminated with blood.

• It can also be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy however can be prevented if the baby is vaccinated shortly after birth.

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Published July 2013

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